Delhi axes nuclear regulator as Labor prepares to sell uranium to India
India will axe its current nuclear regulator weeks after the Labor Party abandoned its ban on selling uranium to the nuclear-armed state.
Australian Greens Senator for Western Australia Scott Ludlam said India's panel of experts will be replaced by a government-controlled body with no independence.
"The new Nuclear Safety Regulatory Authority (NSRA) will have fewer powers and less independence than the existing Atomic Energy Regulatory Board. Legislation now before the Indian parliament authorises the Indian Government to give formal directions and orders to the NSRA, which the Authority has to mandatorily obey.
"According to the legislation, the Authority is required to discharge its functions and powers in a manner consistent with the ‘international obligations of India'. This means that if the Prime Minister of India cuts a deal with France or the United States to buy a certain number of reactors - without any safety or economic evaluation - the Authority cannot question or oppose the setting up of the reactors. This law sets up a puppet body to back the Indian Government at every turn.
"In 28 years, India's Atomic Energy Regulatory Board didn't exactly cover itself in glory - but the legislation dismantling the Board and creating the new Authority signals a dramatic downturn in accountability and independence when it comes to nuclear policy and practice in India.
"The Authority will be answerable to a handful of government ministers who can issue orders to the body, and sack its members.
"The Australian Labor Party previously refused to sell uranium to India because that country will not sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. They've abandoned that position, and have committed to selling nuclear fuel to a nuclear-armed country that won't sign the NPT and will soon have no independent nuclear watchdog to speak of. India's nuclear sector has a troubled history and looks set to get significantly worse. Yet the Government, beholden to the interests of uranium mining companies, lurches on with this appalling new policy," said Senator Ludlam.
Former Atomic Energy Regulatory Board chairman Adinarayan Gopalakrishnan said the new Authority was being formed to allow vested interests to control, and profit from, India's nuclear industry.
Prabir Purkayastha, from the Delhi Science Forum, said a government embarrassed by a nuclear accident, or faced with allegations of mismanaging its nuclear plants, could prevent regulators from investigating.
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